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French Phrases: Basic food terms in French

Below are the names of categories of food in French, along with the French names of the main types of meat, fish and seafood. The French names of fruit and vegetables are listed on the next page.

For other terms used on French menus, click here.

Types of food in French

These are very generic food terms. For names of specific meats, vegetables etc in French, see below.

de la viandedla vjɑ̃dmeat
du poissondy pwasõfish
des légumesde legymvegetables
un fruitæ̃ fʁɥisome fruit, a piece of fruit
des fruits de merde fʁɥid mɛʁseafood
du paindy pæ̃bread
des pommes de terrede pɔm də tɛʁpotatoes
de la soupeyn supsoup
du potagedy potaʒ(thin) soup
du fromagedy fʁɔmaʒcheese
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Names of specific meats and fish in French

These names of specific foods in French are all prefixed by du, de la or des, the appropriate word for 'some' in French1.

Types of meat in French

de l'agneaudə lanjolamb
du bifteckdy biftɛksteak
du boeufdy bœfbeef
du canarddy kanaʁduck
du chevreuildy ʃəvʁœjvenison
des cuisses de grenouillede kɥiz də gʁənujfrogs' legs
de la dindedə la dæ̃dturkey
des escargotsde zɛskaʁgosnails
du jambondy ʒɑ̃bõham
du lapindy lapæ̃rabbit
du porcdy pɔʁpork
de la pouledə la pulhen (served in soups)
du pouletdy pulechicken
des saucissesde sosissausages
du veaudy voveal
de la volailledə la volajpoultry
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Types of fish in French

du cabillauddy kabijo(fresh) cod
du haddockdy adɔksmoked haddock
du harengdy aʁɑ̃herring
du maquereaudy makʁomackerel
de la moruedə la mɔʁycod
des sardinesde saʁdinsardines
du saumondy somõsalmon
du thondy tõtuna
de la truitedə la tʁɥittrout
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Other seafood

araignée de meraʁenjed mɛʁspider crab
du calmardy kalmaʁsquid
des coquilles Saint-Jacquesde kɔkijsæ̃ʒakscallops
du crabedy kʁabcrab
des crevettesde cʁəvɛtprawns
des crevettes grisesde cʁəvɛt gʁizshrimps
des écrevissesdez ekʁəviscrayfish
du homarddy omaʁlobster
des huîtresde zɥitʁoysters
des langoustinesde lɑ̃gustinscampi
des moulesde mulmussels
...marinièremaʁinjɛʁ...in white wine sauce
des moules-fritesde mulfʁitmussels and chips (common especially in Belgium)
du poulpedy pulpoctopus
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Notes:
1. To say 'the' instead of 'some', replace du, de la and des with le, la and les respectively.


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Page written by Neil Coffey. Copyright (c) Javamex UK 2014. All rights reserved.