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1. have Verb

(a) (with possession, illness: in present tense, ~ got is a common alternative in informal usage) avoir; he has a dog (slightly frm), he's got a dog (Infml) il a un chien; he has flu, he's got flu il a la grippe; to ~ sth to do avoir qch à faire; I've (got) a lot of homework to do j'ai beaucoup de devoirs à faire
(b) (order in a shop, restaurant) prendre; (eat or drink) manger, boire; I'll ~ a coke (esp when ordering in shop or restaurant) je prendrai un coca; (at friend's house etc) je boirai un coca; can I ~ a return to Paris, please? un aller-retour pour Paris, s'il vous plaît; what did you ~ for lunch/dinner? qu'est que tu as mangé à midi/ce soir?
(c) (spend, experience) passer; did you ~ a good holiday? as-tu (or) avez-vous passé de bonnes vacances?; did they ~ a good Christmas? est-ce qu'ils ont passé un bon Noël?; to ~ a good time bien s'amuser; ~ a good holiday! bonnes vacances!; ~ a good Christmas! bon Noël!; ~ a good Easter! bonnes Pâques!; ~ a happy birthday! (j'espère que tu passes un) bon anniversaire!; ~ a good time amuse-toi bien!, amusez-vous bien!; ~ a good trip! bon voyage!, (of road journey) bonne route!; ~ a good evening! bonne soirée!; ~ a good weekend! bon weekend!
(d) (in forming present perfect tense) avoir; (with certain ergative verbs) être (often omitted in relative clauses); he has finished il a fini; I've already done it je l'ai déjà fait; we've missed the train on a manqué le train; they've already left ils sont déjà partis; the people who had helped me les gens qui m'avaient aidé; the people who had come from France les gens venus de France
(e) to ~ just done sth, to ~ just been doing sth venir de faire qch; I've just been talking to your brother je viens de parler à ton frère; her son has just died son fils vient de mourir; they had just got back home ils venaient de rentrer chez eux; I had just finished eating je venais de terminer mon repas
(f) to ~ to do sth devoir faire qch, être obligé de faire qch, avoir à faire qch (frm), (translations can often use falloir); we ~ to finish the housework by three il nous faut terminer le ménage avant quinze heures; I ~ to work late at the office tonight je dois travailler tard au bureau ce soir
(g) (in forming causative) to ~ sth done faire faire qch; to ~ sb do sth faire à ce que qn fasse qch, faire faire qch à qn; I've had my car cleaned j'ai fait laver ma voiture; I had John fix the car j'ai fait réparer la voiture à John; I had my car fixed by John j'ai fait réparer ma voiture par John; the teacher will ~ them read it le professeur les fera le lire

Except where otherwise stated, all dictionary content compiled by Neil Coffey and copyright © Javamex UK 2012. All rights reserved.